High Blood Pressure or Hypertension means arterial hypertension in which arterial blood pressure increases above the normal level. Â Before treating your high blood pressure, you should know the types of high blood pressure. In brief, there are two measurements of blood pressure:
- Systolic pressure and
- Diastolic pressure.
When the heart contracts, blood creates systolic pressure on the arteries and it belongs to the range of 100â€“140mmHg. And when the heart muscles relax, blood creates diastolic pressure on arterial wall that ranges from 60â€“90mmHg. High blood pressure is considered if it is equal or above 140/90 mmHg (systolic or diastolic).
Hypertension and related disease lead to heart disease, coronary artery disease, stroke, atheroma in arteries, kidney disease with a huge complications and even death. So treating high blood pressure is most important for patients. Physicians are advised to change diet and lifestyle rather than using drugs in treating high blood pressure. Although many anti-hypertensive drugs are available in the market.
Ways of treating high blood pressure
Treating high blood pressure is a long term and multi-dimensional activities that includes changes in lifestyle, physical exercise, diet and medication. There are also some home remedies for hypertension.
- Keep yourself stress free: Mental stress releases a hormone that increases blood volume and finally blood pressure increases. Think about the reasons of your anxiety and try to keep yourself free from these reasons. Avoid the causes of excitement, it may be a TV show, any place or person. Meditation and yoga can reduce your stress or you may also visit a counselor.
- Physical exercise: Regular physical exercise will lower your body weight and blood cholesterol level. Cholesterol deposition on arterial wall increases blood pressure. It has been proven that regular exercise for about 45 minutes will lower your blood pressure level significantly.
- Avoid alcohol and smoking: Smoking and alcohol consumption both cause mental excitement, which have very adverse effects on hypertensive patients. Alcohol and smoking promptly increase blood pressure levels 10-15mmHg. So patients may faces myocardial infarction or stroke within a very short period of time.
- Reduce caffeine intake: Caffeine intake temporarily increases blood pressure levels five to ten points. This elevated pressure may sustain for a long time. Hypertensive patients should limit the intake of caffeine containing beverage like tea, coffee.
- Follow up your blood pressure and visit your doctor regularly: If you are a hypertensive patient, you need to check-up your blood pressure regularly at home. Any fluctuation of your blood pressure should be observed. Mention your home monitoring to your doctor. Visit your doctor regularly.
- Eat a healthy diet: Healthy diet is most important in treating high blood pressure. A healthy diet means a diet with higher amount of fruit and vegetables and lower or no trans fat. Green vegetables contain fiber that lowers blood cholesterol. On the other hand trans fat and saturated fat increases cholesterol level in human blood.
- Avoid excess sodium in the diet: Sodium dilates blood and increases blood volume. Increased level of blood causes high blood pressure. So patients with high blood pressure should concern about salt intake. Add limited amount of salt in your food while making and avoid taking extra salt in meals.
- You should follow High Blood Pressure Medication Guidelines:Â Hypertensive patients are provided with a High Blood Pressure Medication Guideline. If they cannot consult with a doctor they should follow the guidelines in emergency case.
- Medications: Following medications are used for treating high blood pressure:
- Calcium channel blockers (CCB): calcium, increases blood pressure levels like sodium. Calcium channel blockers inhibit calcium entry. Finally, CCB decreases the blood pressure.
- Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-I): angiotensin is an enzyme that dilates the blood after converting it. ACE-I stops the conversion.
- Î²-blockers: Heartâ€™s sympathetic nervous system is blocked by beta-blocker.
- Alpha blockers: Î±-Blockers reduce anxiety and hypertension.
- Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers (ARBs): have the same effects as Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-I).
- Diuretics: diuretics substances cause urination and concentrate the blood. So diuretics are used to treat high blood pressure.
- Omega-3 Fish Oil Supplements: Omega-3 lowers cholesterol in blood.