High blood pressure or hypertension is the elevated pressure on blood vessel walls. Blood creates a pressure on the arteries (blood vessel) wall, when the heart pumps. If the pressure exits the normal value, it is termed as hypertension. In every year hypertension affects millions of people, even teenagers and young children are also affected. According to AHA (American Heart Association) about 76 million American adults are affected by hypertension and 1.5 million are getting affected every year.The most dangerous fact is, 1000 deaths occur every day due to hypertension.
Cardiovascular disease or heart disease is associated with hypertension. Hypertension may kill or paralyses one and it is known as the silent killer because people may affect without knowing. Stroke is a normal phenomenon of high blood pressure. Everyone should know about high blood pressure facts and risk factors.
High Blood Pressure Facts
- Cardiovascular disease or heart disease- The first affected organ of high blood pressure is the heart. The whole body gets oxygenated blood through the pumping action of heart. The elevated pressure of the blood creates an extra load on the heart and the heart is getting weaker day by day. As a result, heart disease occurs. Sometimes additional pacemaker is put inside the chest to help the heart beat at a correct speed.
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- Atheroma- Blood flow with a high pressure through arteries sometimes causes damage of the arterial wall. Fat deposits in the damaged area create blockages in the arteries. This is known as atheroma. Atheroma blocks blood supply to the respected area.
- Myocardial infraction- When atheroma forms on the coronary arteries of the heart muscle, blood supply stops in some part of the heart. Sometimes the heart stops pumping for 1/2 seconds, commonly known as heart attack. Patient senses pain in the chest and should be immediately hospitalized. Untreated patients often go to comma or death.
- Stroke- Human brain has a very thin arterial wall. High blood pressure often raptures the arterial wall of the brain and causes stroke. Blood clots in the brain area, the patient goes to unconscious mode. If treatment is not given immediately, death occurs. Treated person, often not cure properly, he may loss activity of one or more organs. Stroke is the most dangerous facts about high blood pressure.
- Paralysis- After a mild or strong stroke, people not totally cured. Paralysis may occur in some parts or the whole body of the patients. The affected organs are hand, leg, eye, ear, fingers, etc.
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- Glaucoma in eyes: High blood pressure in eyes known as glaucoma. Optical nerve may rupture and patients may lose their visual power. Sometimes glaucoma cause full blindness in both eyes.
Risk factors of hypertension
- Obesity- Obese persons are more prone to have high blood pressure level. Obese persons have narrow inner arterial volume due to deposition of cholesterol. Low arterial volume faces high pressure.
- Stress- Over mental stress is one of the causes of hypertension.
- Diabetes- High blood pressure is often associated with high blood sugar or diabetes. Hypertension is the effect of diabetes.
- No physical work- Physical work reduces blood pressure level. People having no physical activity have risk of getting high blood pressure.
- Alcohol consumption and smoking- Alcohol and cigarette both increases blood pressure.
- Excess salt consumption- Sodium chloride used as the dietary salt and sodium elevates the blood volume. Increased blood volume creates increased pressure of the blood.
Causes of high blood pressure
There are many causes of high blood pressure or hypertension. Read the following topic to know the detail causes.
Home remedies for hypertension
Anyway, if you have hypertension, you can treat it many ways like medications or home remedies. We suggest home remedies because they have no side effects. See our home remedies for hypertension.
Before taking any remedies whether medications or home treatment, you must contact your doctor.