Aspirin: How Essential It is for Hypertensive Patients?

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Aspirin is commonly known as an analgesic and anti-inflammatory drug, have a surprising effect in lowering blood pressure. Small clots of blood found in the circulatory system of hypertensive patients and aspirin inhibits blood clotting, reduce the risk of heart attack. Doctors often suggest a low dose aspirin daily to the cardiovascular patients. Does everyone should take aspirin to treat hypertension? This decision is not too easy for the patients. You must know the benefits and side effects before taking aspirin. We are trying to help you take the right decision.

Take the lowest dose of aspirin daily according to your doctor’s advice. Don’t take it by your won. If you have recently experienced a heart attack and you are not allergic to aspirin, a doctor will recommend you to take it. Aspirin is prescribed when the patient is at high risk of heart attack and having no history of serious bleeding. As aspirin inhibits blood clotting and cannot stop bleeding.

Benefits of aspirin

Aspirin is chemically a plant product named acetyl salicylate, which is a . Prostaglandin is a substance, responsible for pain sensation at the infected area. Aspirin suppresses prostaglandin synthesis by inhibiting cyclooxygenase enzyme.

The role of aspirin in preventing heart attack

Aspirin also prevents blood clotting. When someone bleed, platelets of bloods gather at the site of rapture. Then the platelets aggregate to create a plug, which can seal the rapture of the blood vessel. Hypertension exerts a very high pressure on arterial walls and sometimes causes rapture. This internal wound tends to be sealed by platelet aggregation and collagen deposition- commonly termed as atherosclerosis. This may block narrow blood vessel of different organs. As coronary arteries are too narrow and very prone to develop blockage in hypertensive patients. A small to larger part of the heart not get blood supply and finally patients experience heart attacks. Aspirin prevents platelet accumulation at the wound site, so atheroma cannot form. No blockage develops at arteries and thus prevent heart attack. Not only for the cardiovascular patients, aspirin also lower the blood pressure of renovascular hypertensive patients and hypertension due to pregnancy. Renovascular hypertension is the increased pressure of blood because of kidney disorder.

When you should take aspirin daily?

It is clear to you that aspirin can lower the risk of heart attack, but when you should start taking it daily. Your physician may prescribe you aspirin in following condition:

  • You have already experienced a mild to severe heart attack.
  • After a stroke (blockage in brain arteries).
  • If you have not experienced a heart attack or stroke yet, but your health condition indicates that it may happen at any time. It is the situation when blood starts to coagulate and becomes thicker.

You have to keep it in your mind that aspirin dose should be setup by your doctors, not by yourself. Dosing rate and dosing pattern may vary upon individuals.

When you should not take aspirin?

Although aspirin is very potent for hypertension, but its effects may adversely in some health condition. When your doctor prescribes this drug, tell him about your other health complains, if any. These health conditions are:

  • If your body very susceptible to bleeding. Clotting factor disorder induces internal bleeding.
  • The allergy that originates by aspirin intake. Some patients develop asthma against aspirin.
  • Aspirin promotes acid secretion in the stomach. If patients have a peptic ulcer or hyperacidity, aspirin should be avoided or taken with antacids or other acid inhibiting drugs.

Recommended aspirin intake

Your physician will suggest you the best dose for you permitting to the health condition. A general recommended aspirin dose is 75mg daily. Where a regular analgesic aspirin is 325mg for adult. Daily 75mg of aspirin will keep your blood thin to protect hypertension.

Side effects of taking aspirin

  • Allergic reaction: some people develop asthma after aspirin intake.
  • Stroke: is it shocking to you? Yes, aspirin prevents arterial blockage related stroke, but it can induce blood vessel opening related stroke. When bleeding not stops, excess blood loss may cause stroke.
  • Loss of hearing: overdose of aspirin or a long term aspirin intake may trigger the loss of auditory function.
  • GERD: that means Gastrointestinal Reflux Disorder. As aspirin induces acid secretion in the stomach, it can promote GERD and stomach ulcer. COX enzyme inhibits acid secretion and aspirin restricts COX enzyme activity.
  • After surgery: if aspirin taking patients need a surgery or dental treatment, they must tell the doctors about their medication and doctors will take necessary action. Otherwise bleeding will not stop after surgery.
  • Effect on alcohol: aspirin taking patients should limit their alcohol consumption because alcohol has also blood thinning capacity and causes stomach irritation. Combine effect of aspirin and alcohol, then worsen the disease conditions.
Other drugs interact with aspirin

If you are already taking any other anticoagulant, you should restrict aspirin supplements. Anticoagulants interfere with aspirin and increase the risk of internal bleeding. Medications that are interacting with aspirin include warfarin, ibuprofen, heparin, corticosteroids and some antidepressants. Some dietary supplements also interfere aspirin activity. They are- evening primrose oil, dong quai, dansen, ginkgo, omega-3 fatty acid and willow bark.

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