A hernia refers to any displacement of any body parts. When you have hernia a body part will push up where it actually does not belong. In hiatal hernia disease a portion of your stomach pushes up or protrudes through the esophageal hiatus to rest within the chest cavity. The esophagus or food tube connects the stomach to the mouth. From the throat the tube passes through the chest cavity and enters the abdominal cavity through a hole in the diaphragm, it is called esophageal hiatus.
What causes a hiatal hernia?
It is not usually clear what causes a hiatal hernia, but most of the time your stomach pressure is a major cause. A hiatal hernia could be caused by the following reasons:
- Injury to the hiatus area. In most of the cases of hiatal hernia, the hitus opening found weak and the upper part of the stomach pushes up through the opening into the chest cavity.
- This hiatus opening may weak or loses its elasticity due to aging. People aged more than 50 years are more affected by hiatal hernia.
- A hital hernia also causes by persistent and intense pressure on the surrounding muscle. For example, when vomiting, coughing, lifting any heavy objects or straining during a bowel movement.
- Sometimes patient are found with unusual large hiatus by birth.
What are the treatments of hiatal hernia?
The treatment of hiatal hernia is similar to the treatment of acid reflux. The treatment is done in a way that reduces acid reflux or decreases the acid secretions. The mechanism is to keep the acid here is belongs.
When do you need a surgery for hiatal hernia?
In some cases of hiatal hernia patient may require surgery. Surgery is done in case of emergency when medications do not help. Most of the people get relief with heartburn and acid reflux medications. This type of surgery is often done with the surgery of gastro esophageal reflux disease (GERD).
In surgery for hiatal hernia your doctor will pull your stomach down into the abdomen and will make the opening in your diaphragm smaller. Also reconstruction will be done weak esophageal sphincter.
Some home remedies for hiatal hernia
- Stop smoking.
- Stop over eating.
- Avoid food that triggers your acid reflux (e.g. spicy foods, citrus fruits, chocolates etc.).
- Eat several smaller meals throughout the day.
- Avoid caffeine drinks and alcohols.
- Eat your dinner minimum two hours before bedtime.
- Lift your head up with a comfortable pillow at least six inches.
Risk of hiatal hernia
Elderly people who aged more than 50 years are more likely to develop hiatal hernia. The hiatal hernia symptoms are seen most commonly in women. Smokers are at more risk of developing hiatal hernia.