Acid reflux is the type of disease the when stomach component flow back to the esophagus. That is the stomach acid and other digestive fluids come backward into the esophagus. The Esophagus is the tube that connects our stomach and mouth, started from the throat to the stomach. The popular name of the esophagus is food tube. When the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) fails to close properly after eating or loses its functionality due to some other disease, then different digestive enzymes splash back to the food tube. The exact acid reflux causes are still unknown, researchers are deeply searching of the exact causes.
Acid reflux causes
You may suffer from acid reflux for different reasons. Most of them are related to food habit and lifestyle. Pregnancy and stomach abnormalities are also common acid reflux causes.
Some major acid reflux causes are related to lifestyle:
- If you are obese or overweight.
- You are living a life without any exercise habit.
- Smoking. It causes silent acid reflux each time you take a cigarette. Smoking can reduce the functionality of the LES. Smoking damages mucus membranes. Acid secretion is increased and reduce salivation. Salivation neutralizes the effect of acid. If you take alcohol and smoke with it, will increase your chance of getting esophageal cancer by 40 percent.
- Taking large meals and gulping foods without thoroughly chewing are also acid reflux causes.
- Taking snacks before going to bed will increase night time reflux.
- Some heavy exercise will cause temporary acid reflux if the exercise pressurize your abdomen. It is will not last for a long time and have no bad effect on you.
Acid reflux food list
Following foods trigger acid reflux most of the time. Our stomach is different based on the body immunity system. So some food may make your reflux condition severe or some may not cause reflux in your case. Acid reflux causes foods:
You may like:
- Eating fatty foods or oily foods (e.g. red meat, biryani, fried rice, burger, brains of different animals etc.).
- Deep fried foods (e.g. Fried prawn, fried chicken, crispy onion string, french fries etc.).
- Spicy foods. Food containing too much chili, oil.
- Coffee, tea. Even if they are decaffeinated. You can take green tea. Green tea will also help to reduce weight.
- Ice creams.
- Carbonated beverages.
- Citrus fruits and theirs juice (e.g. orange, lemon, lime etc.).
- Vegetables like tomato, raw onion and broccoli. Food containing these vegetables can cause reflux.
Most of the women complain about acid reflux. Because the increase size of your womb put extra pressure on your stomach. Women feel heartburn or other acid reflux related complications in later pregnancy, especially after the third trimester. This reflux is occasional and disappear after the birth of the baby. More about acid reflux during pregnancy.
Stomach abnormalities are common in different ages and also blamable as acid reflux causes. Acid reflux related abnormality called hiatal hernia. In this case your stomach pushes up through your diaphragm. In case of small hiatal hernia you will not feel anything. If you are diagnosed with some other disease your doctor may see you also have a hiatal hernia. If your hiatal hernia is big, it will definitely lead to acid reflux. Sometimes this problem requires surgery.
When you have acid reflux you may feel the typical signs of acid reflux like heartburn, chest pain or feeling like you are going to spit up. Sometimes acid reflux can cause chronic cough. Occasional reflux is common in adults and nothing to worry about. If you feel acid reflux more than twice a week, you are suspected to be an acid reflux disease or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) patient. Then talk with your health care provider. If your condition is severe he may refer you to a gastroenterologist.