Acne is the most common skin problem, can affect anyone, young or adult, male or female. If you have acne, you may already heard about glycolic acid. Glycolic acid is the popular medication for acne skin referred by dermatologists. Now it can be raised up in your mind that, how glycolic acid serves in acne and how to use it. In this article we are trying to explain in details about glycolic acid in acne treatment.
What is glycolic acid?
Glycolic acid is a derivative of α-hydroxy acid (AHA) and it is the smallest one, also known as hydroxyethanoic acid chemically. You may have noticed that many topical cream contains AHA, it is the short form of glycolic acid. It has a variety of uses, in textile industry, pharmaceutical industry as well as in the cosmetic industry. Glycolic acid naturally found in sugar-cane and some other sugar producing plants, that’s why it is known as “fruit acid”. It can be also synthesized chemically. Sometimes doctors suggest “chemical peels” for skin treatment, it is nothing but glycolic acid. Beauty products contain different percentages of glycolic acid according to product’s efficacy.
You can improve your skin tone and texture by using glycolic acid. It will reduce hyperpigmentation, acne scars, wrinkles and other skin problem.
How glycolic acid works on acne?
When acne develops on your skin, first of all, it destroys the pH balance of the affected area. It has proven that glycolic acid restores the pH balance. As glycolic acid is a small molecule, it can easily penetrate the outer dermis of the skin and spreads its beneficiary effects on the epidermis. Bacteria and other infections develop clogs on skin pore and it is the main reason of having acne. Glycolic acid exfoliates the skin to unclog the pore. In acne condition skin becomes dehydrated and gloomy. Glycolic acid makes the skin clog free, hydrated and fresh looking. Glycolic acid helps in acne treatments by controlling the overproduction of oil. Beside this it mainly helps water retention in the skin as it has high ability of water binding.
Usually to treat acne, glycolic acid is given with benzyl peroxide having antibacterial properties. Skin condition improves with restricted bacterial growth and it helps to cure acne.
How to use glycolic acid for acne treatment?
Glycolic acid is found in as topical medicine, cleanser, lotion or cream. You have to choose them according to your acne condition. When you are suggested to clean the skin with pH balance, you may use cleanser lotion of glycolic acid. Before using Shea butter for acne, you can use that cleanser. If you want an acne wash, use face wash having high percentage of glycolic acid. It may be used before Dermaroller acne scars. Dermatologists often prescribe a topical medicine of glycolic acid with a little amount of benzyl peroxide. After washing the face or affected skin, use a thin layer of the medicine. You may try this at night and the morning.
Glycolic acid containing creams is also effective for acne and other skin problems. If you have other therapy for acne you may use a cream with low percentage (7%) of glycolic acid. About 10% glycolic acid is optimal for acne but a range of 5% to 30% glycolic acid are available in beauty products. For more effective result use glycolic acid products every day for 2-3 weeks. If not treated, consult with a skin specialist.
Side effects of glycolic acid
As glycolic acid is a mild to the skin, it shows a little side effects while treating acne. Some users report itching, inflammation or redness after using it. However, it is not a big issue because almost every user have no complains about glycolic acid. If your skin is too much sensitive, you may face the itching or irritation or redness after using glycolic acid. Don’t worry, these side effects will not hamper your skin and sustained for a short time. People who have a recent sunburn should not use glycolic acid. To avoid the side effects of any chemical you have to use an effective sunscreen for a long time. Because any chemical treatment will thinner the skin that may easily expose to sun. Consult with a dermatologist to make sure about the expected concentration of the glycolic acid for acne treatment.
Other benefits of glycolic acid
- It is a good moisturizer that can retain water of your skin, makes the skin more hydrated.
- Remove wrinkles of the skin as it helps to produce new cells instead of dead cells.
- Dead cells cause black marks and glycolic acid reduces black marks.
- Improves the skin tone with a healthier skin.
- It helps to remove hyperkeratosis (thickening of the skin), a result of vitamin A deficiency.
- Makes the skin oil free as it has skin drying properties.
- Maintain pH balance of the skin.
There available lots of organic treatment for acne, use them to cure your acne.