Eye Infection: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

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It is very disturbing and painful for anyone who is suffering from eye infections, which caused by bacteria, viruses and fungus. Eye infections are various types with different causes and treatment options. The eye is such a sensitive organ that all parts of the eye are vulnerable to infections. Any people of any age can be affected by eye infections. The symptoms of eye infections include irritation, redness, discharge, and reduced vision. Generally, eye infection treatment depends on the causes and condition of damages.Eye infection

Causes of eye infection

The are many types of eye problem, before going for any treatment of an eye infection, it is necessary to know what causes eye infection. Due to eye infections any part of the eye can be affected from the eyelids to the cornea, even the retina in the back of the eye. The main reason behind the eye infections are bacteria, virus and fungus. Those people are using contact lenses are in the risk of eye infections because these contact lenses are the obstacle to reach oxygen in the cornea and it also causes bacterial and fungal build-up due to the failure in the proper disinfection of the cornea. There are some most common causes of eye infection, which are given below:

  • Ocular histoplasmosis syndrome (OHS): Around the world the Histoplasmosis is a fungal infection of the lungs which mainly common in the river valleys. In the US and Canada this is known as Histo Belt. According to a recent research in the US, over 90% adults have had histoplasmosis, which has no usual symptoms. In some cases the fungus transfers to the retina, which may take many years. It causes symptoms and retinal decay and can destroy the central part of the field of vision. Ultimate level of histoplasmosis may lead to blindness.
  • Chlamydia and gonorrhea: Chlamydia and gonorrhea are very common sexually transmitted diseases can cause conjunctivitis’s, although these are not capable of doing severe harm to the eye in adults. Anyone gets infected into the eye through genital fluids such as semen, or if they rub their eyes after touching genital areas. Especially, newborn babies are at high risk if their mother genitally infected. Neisseria gonorrhea is one of the few bacteria capable of penetrating the protective layers of the eye, causing inner-eye infection.
  • Herpes simplex: Herpes virus can be identified as a skin disease which can infect the eye in the same way as chlamydia or gonorrhea. Herpes might cause pitting and ulceration of the cornea. There is an uncommon chronic herpes infection that can cause acute retinal necrosis, especially in men. This leads to severe destruction of retinal issues and can cause significant damage to vision. It is estimated that roughly 15% of people with chronic ocular herpes simplex lose some vision.
  • Shingles (herpes zoster, varicella zoster): Shingles are a rebirth of the virus that primarily causes chickenpox. The sores known as shingles are infectious and can cause chickenpox in others. They can also cause ocular infection if you touch the eyes after touching a sore. While herpes simplex is the primary cause of serious retinal necrosis in the young, varicella zoster is the leading cause in people over 50 years of age because shingles are more common in this age group.

Symptoms of eye infection

Like other disease eye infection also has some symptoms that indicate you have had an eye infection. The common symptoms of eye infection are given below:

  • Red eyes
  • Persistent Itching
  • Flaking of the eye lids
  • Discomfort in eye
  • Blurred vision
  • Watery eyes
  • Eye discharge
  • Eye pain
  • Swollen eyelids

Eye Infection Treatment

We all know that eye is a very sensitive organ and the infections can be contagious, so patients should talk to an eye specialist about the proper treatment options available as early as possible. The patient may need prescription-strength medication to ensure that the infections ameliorate quicker. The treatment of eye infection may include compresses, eye drops, creams or antibiotics. If eye infection is caused by a virus, topical antiviral therapy may be necessary for your treatment. The most common type is pink eye or conjunctivitis, from different types of conjunctivitis few types are very contagious and need quick treatment. Naturally, in this case doctor advice to stay away from work or school and prescribed anti-infective topical solution to alleviate symptoms.

The time duration of any eye infections depends on the causes and it may take days or weeks. However, in a few cases new symptoms may arise when a patient is under treatment. If the symptoms are severe or unexplained, you should contact with an eye specialist as early as possible.

Precaution for eye infections

There are many types of eye infections that may spread easily from person to person. If you have infected with eye disease or anyone around you with an eye infection, use these following tips to help yourself:

  • The most effective way to prevent the spread of pink eye is washing your hands properly.
  • Be aware of touching your face and eyes without washing your hands properly, when you apply the medicine.
  • Another precaution is avoiding eye make-up if so directed by the doctor and should not share eye makeup.
  • Make sure that your personal cloths are free from others use, washed and clean.
  • The eye infected patient must not use contact lenses rather they can use disinfect lenses and storage case thoroughly before using again.
  • You should not share your contact lenses or accessories with others.
  • Do not share eye medicine; talk with your eye doctor about discarding or storing leftover medicines.
  • In the harsh environment such as wind, hot and dusty weather you should always protect your eyes.
  • Everyone should use safety glasses when around chemicals.
  • Contact with an eye specialist if you noticed any negative or new symptoms in your eye.
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