Generally there are three types of diabetes such as- type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes. Among the threes, the type 1 diabetes is more dangerous than the others. Type 1 diabetes is also called insulin dependent diabetes or juvenile diabetes. It is known as juvenile diabetes because it also attacks the younger, children and teenagers. Type 1 diabetes can be detected at any age of a person.
What is type 1 diabetes exactly?
A pancreas is located behind the stomach and this pancreas produces insulin. The immune system of the body, in case of type 1 diabetes, damages pancreas. The immune system guesses insulin producing cells (islets) situated in pancreas as outside substances. So, it attacks and damages the cells. This attacking process is called autoimmune disease.
The islets generate the essential insulin to keep the sugar in blood normal. Insulin unlocks the cells and brings the sugar into the cells. At last insulin helps the body to use glucose as energy and thus glucose vanishes away from the blood.
When the islets are damaged, the pancreas is not able to produce insulin. Not getting insulin, the sugar raises or builds up in the blood. So, you face high blood sugar level and it is called type 1 diabetes.
In treating type 1 diabetes, the doctor decides to take injectable insulin. This insulin now works like the actual insulin in the body. It keeps the sugar normal in the blood. In case of taking outside insulin, the balance of insulin should be right because the more insulin than the need may cause lower level of blood sugar, known as hypoglycemia. Again, if the insulin is less than the need, it may cause very high level of blood sugar, known as hyperglycemia.
In addition to insulin, the doctor also suggests you some important things like taking good foods for type 1 diabetes, taking exercise, reducing stress and managing emotions and usual health condition.
So, it is very important to treat type 1 diabetes in time because untreated diabetes may cause dangerous impacts like kidney problems, eyes damage, heart problems, and nerve problems. Even untreated diabetes may cause comma or death.