Diabetes is a set of disease caused by high level of glucose in blood. Diabetes is a long term disease, will be with you till death. You can not eliminate this disease but you can definitely control it and live a healthy life. Doctors often refer to diabetes mellitus to indicate a group of metabolic disease caused by high blood glucose.
According to the American diabetes association 25.8 million adults and also children have diabetes, 8.3 percent of the US population. They have also found that 79 million people have prediabetes. The prediabetes people have the risk of developing type-2 diabetes in the future. We will discuss here about different types of diabetes and their symptoms.
Types of Diabetes
You may have diabetes because of insulin resistance or your body may not produce enough insulin. Based on this insulin intolerance,types of diabetes are:
- Type-1 Diabetes
- Type-2 Diabetes
- Gestational diabetes
When we are talking about different types of diabetes, Type-1 diabetes comes first. This diabetes is also known as juvenile diabetes, early one set diabetes. Although everyone in at risk of developing type-1 diabetes but it is found mostly before 40 years, teenagers and children. In these types of diabetes your body stops producing insulin. Insulin is a hormone produced form pancreas. Insulin converts the glucose (sugar) or other starch to energy. In these types of diabetes body immune system attacks our own pancreas and destroy the cells, known as autoimmune disease. If the high blood glucose remain untreated, it can leads to various complications like kidney, heart and eye disease in future. Even leads to coma and death.
To keep your body operational the treatment of type-1 diabetes begins with an external source of insulin. The patients injected insulin, but the main problem is you don’t know precisely how much insulin to take. It depends on some factor related to your lifestyle. For example:
- Your food habit
- How much workout you do.
- Emotion and general health
Type-2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. It develops after 35 years old, so it is also called adult onset diabetes. Type-2 diabetes is insulin independent. Your body fails to produce enough insulin and chronologically your cells will be resistant to insulin. For type-2 diabetes risk factors are:
- Being overweight
- No habit of exercise, living a sedentary lifestyle
- Family history of diabetes
- Being a member of any specific racial group (e.g. Black, Hispanic, Indian American, Asian etc)
Gestational diabetes complication is a special type of diabetes. Which can be seen only in pregnant women. Gestational diabetes is similar to type-2 diabetes. If these types of diabetes remain untreated, it can cause life threatening complications to mother and the future baby. These types of diabetes are seen in later pregnancy. The risk factors for gestational diabetes is same to type- 02 diabetes.
Women who have been diagnosed with gestational diabetes have a great risk of developing type-2 diabetes within next 10 years. It is necessary to check their blood glucose level every year.
Here is a complete guideline to control gestational diabetes.