Type-2 diabetes is most commonly associated with adults. People who are above 40 years have a higher risk of developing type-2 diabetes. It is also called adult-onset diabetes. Nowadays type-2 diabetes
in children is also increasing day by days, the most common factor for child’s diabetes is an obesity epidemic. Type-2 diabetes in children is really a matter of concern. It is a chronic condition that affects your child’s body metabolizes glucose (sugar).
There are initial steps that you should take to prevent or manage type-2 diabetes in children. Make a routine for your child to follow in daily life. Give your child healthy food, encourage him to do plenty of physical exercise. Help your child to maintain a healthy weight. If food habit and lifestyle change don’t help to control type-2 diabetes in children, then oral medications or insulin treatment may be necessary. Consult with a diabetes specialist before taking artificial medications.
Symptoms of type-2 diabetes in children
The symptoms of type-2 diabetes in children is same as the symptoms in adults. In some children no signs are seen the disease grow gradually. Some of them may experience:
- Hunger: Due to the lack of enough insulin to move sugar into the affected child cells. As a result the muscle and organs become depleted of energy. That will trigger hunger.
- Increased thirst and urination: Excess sugar in the child’s bloodstream, fluid are pulled from the tissue. This will leave the child thirsty and your child will drink. As a result, he will urinate more than usual.
- Weight Loss: Your child may lose weight without any reason. Although he is eating more than usual. Without the proper energy and sugar supplies to the cells, muscle tissues and fat stores simply break down or shrink.
- Fatigue: As the cells are deprived of sugar, he or she may become tired and irritable.
- Blurred vision: If the blood sugar is high, in some cases, fluid may be pulled from the lenses of the eyes. As a result affected child may feel difficult to focus clearly.
- Darken Skin: Certain area of the skin, especially armpits or neck sometimes gets darken. This may be a sign of insulin resistance.
- Infections healing: This type of diabetes lowers the ability to heal or resist infections.
Causes of Type-2 diabetes in children
Generally type-2 diabetes will occur when the pancreas (insulin production house) will stop producing enough insulin or when the body becomes resistant to the insulin. The exact causes why this happens is unknown. Major factors may involve excess weight, genetic factors and inactivity.
- Insulin: Insulin hormones are produced from the pancreas. This pancreas is called the powerhouse of insulin, a gland located behind the stomach. When the child eats, the pancreas secretes insulin into the bloodstream. The insulin circulation allows sugar to enter into your child cells. Insulin helps to lower the amount of sugar in the bloodstream. If the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin the total chain breaks down.
- Glucose (Sugar): Glucose is a major source of energy for the cells. It makes up muscles and other tissues. Glucose comes from two main sources the food your child eats and liver. During the digestion process sugar is absorbed into the bloodstream, and then sugar enters into the cells with the help of insulin.
- Liver: Our liver store glucose. The liver is glucose storage and manufacturing center. If the child’s insulin level is low or has not eaten for a while, the liver will release the stored glucose to keep the glucose level within normal range. In case of type two diabetes in children, this process doesn’t work properly. Instead moving into the cells, sugar builds up in his or her bloodstream. This is the effect of the cells being resisted to insulin or not enough insulin is produced.
Risk Factors for type-2 diabetes in children
The exact risk factors are still a controversial matter to the researchers. They are still trying to find the exact reasons why some children develop type-2 diabetes and others don’t. Even there same risk factors are present. However, some risk factors certainly increase the risk. For example:
- Weight: Overweight or obesity is a primary risk factor for type-2 diabetes in children. If his body contains more fat cells, it increases the risk of insulin resistance.
- Lack of physical activity: Inactivity is one of the major risk factors of type-2 diabetes. Doing lots of physical activity helps children to control his or her weight. Also uses glucose and make the cells more responsive to insulin.
- Family history: If the parents or siblings have type-2 diabetes, then it higher the risk of the child being affected. It is difficult to decide which factor is more exposed between genetic and lifestyle.
- Race: Being a member of certain racial group, especially black, Hispanic, Asian Americas and Pacific islanders has a higher risk of developing type-2 diabetes.