Prediabetes is a pre-alarming report for posing type 2 diabetes. Prediabetes or prediabetes symptoms cannot be seen or understood unless you have diagnosed any blood sugar tests. Only the diagnosis of blood sugar tests can indicate whether you have prediabetes or not.
On June in 2009, a committee combined with the American Diabetes Association, the International Diabetes Federation and the European Association for the Study of Diabetes suggested diagnosing 3 tests for identifying prediabetes. These 3 tests are:
- Glycated Hemoglobin (A1C) test
- Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) test
- Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT)
But, today we will discuss prediabetes A1C test, and how to diagnose and get sure from A1C test whether you are in prediabetes or not.
Prediabetes A1C test
It is also known as Glycated Hemoglobin test. It is usually a blood test. A1C test identifies the average blood sugar level for the last 2 to 3 months. This test first observes hemoglobin and oxygen-carrying protein in the red blood cells. Then it judges blood sugar percentage. A1C blood test for prediabetes is not complex. The patient can give this test at any situation like you need not fast or nothing to drink.
The result of A1C test
- Diabetes: Blood glucose level is 6.5% or above
- Prediabetes: Blood glucose level is 5.7 to 6.4%
- Normal: Blood glucose level is 5.6% or less
Don’t be worried if you see you have already prediabetes A1C level because you have 3 effective options to prevent or reverse it.
You can reverse your prediabetes or prevent type 2 diabetes by 58% by losing your body weight 7% (15 pounds if weight 200 pounds) and taking mild or moderate exercise 30 minutes, 5 days a week.
Get involved more in physical movements. For example- take stairs to go your apartment, walk on foot to your office, work in garden, play with your children etc. These help to lose weight fast.