Controlling high blood sugar during pregnancy

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Being a mom is the most beautiful blessing in a woman’s life. Nothing can be compared to the divine feelings of being a mother. All women want to give birth to a healthy child. But during the pregnancy, women may face many complications. High blood sugar during pregnancy is one of the most common complications that a mom-to-be face.

During the pregnancy almost all women have blood sugar higher than normal because of hormonal changes. The body cannot produce an adequate amount of insulin and sugar level in blood increases. Sometimes blood sugar is so high that it turns into diabetes, which is known as Gestational diabetes and women are affected with this kind of diabetes only during her pregnancy period. About four to seven percent of the women are being affected with Gestational diabetes, having a high blood sugar during pregnancy.

Are you at a risk of high blood sugar during pregnancy?

During pregnancy insulin can’t do its job properly as hormones block them. As a result, glucose level increases in a woman’s blood. You are at greater risk for high blood sugar during pregnancy, if the following facts are true for you:

  • If you are older than 25 when you are pregnant
  • If you are facing an obesity problem
  • If you have sugar in urine
  • If you gave birth to a child with a birth defect
  • Have a high blood sugar
  • Had gestational diabetes during the previous pregnancy
  • Gave birth to an over weighted child (more than 10lbs)
  • Family history of diabetes
  • Had a miscarriage during previous pregnancy
  • If you are addicted to smoking

Complications arise for high blood sugar during pregnancy

High blood sugar can affect the developing fetus throughout the pregnancy that can result in birth defects and increases the possibility of miscarriage. There is a correlation between blood sugar levels of the women and rate of big babies and first time caesarean sections. If a woman has high blood sugar during pregnancy, there is a risk for the unborn and possibility of infant mortality. The newborns may have low blood sugar levels and insulin levels if their moms’ blood pressure were higher than normal during their pregnancy. Obesity, diabetes and high blood pressure are the results of this problem. There is also risk for large babies that increases the risk during labor, delivery and complications such as trauma to the baby. Your baby may face jaundice and breathing difficulties after birth.

If you have high blood sugar during pregnancy you may face

Generally, symptoms of high blood sugar are absent or mild and blood sugar level becomes normal after delivery. You may face the following symptoms:

  • Increased thirst.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Snoring more than usual.
  • Vomiting.
  • Weight loss despite having an increased appetite.
  • Fatigue.
  • Frequent infections of bladder, vagina and skin.

How can you be sure if you have a high blood sugar level during pregnancy?

Almost all pregnant women receive glucose screening test between 24 and 28 weeks of pregnancy to diagnose the condition. If you are at risk of high blood sugar level you should have this test earlier in your pregnancy. Positive result on a glucose screening test does not imply that you have gestational diabetes, rather it needs to take a follow up test to find out. You can easily test your glucose level at home by pricking your finger and putting a drop of blood on a machine.

Control blood sugar and manage diabetes during pregnancy

Blood sugar control is one of the important factors to ensure a safe and successful pregnancy. Women who already have diabetes before their pregnancy should have a strict control of blood sugar before and throughout the pregnancy. The first eight weeks of the pregnancy are very critical, so strong control over blood sugar should be achieved. You can prevent gestational diabetes with keeping an eye on your weight gain before and during your pregnancy. You have to maintain a good and balanced diet habit and regular exercise. If you have gestational diabetes your doctor will suggest you tablets or insulin injections to control your high blood sugar and a special diet and exercise suitable for your condition is a must. If you want to put your sugar level at a good state, you should test your blood glucose before each meal and one hour after having the meal. To check if your blood sugar is under a control you should receive the blood tests at various intervals during your pregnancy and proper treatment and medicines suggested by your doctor should be applied carefully.  It would be wise of you if you consult obstetrician, an eye specialist and a pediatrician for the proper care of you and your baby.

Some healthy eating ideas to keep your blood sugar level stable

Usually a pregnant mom needs a minimum of 1800-2200 calorie meal plan every day. Some food habit can help you out:

  • Try to have carbohydrates like cereals, bread, pasta and potatoes
  • Try to have a variety of lean meat and fish and avoid red meat
  • Keep two portions of oily fish in your meal in every week
  • Eat fruits and vegetables every day
  • Avoid salt and fatty food to limit the amount of high sugar
  • Try to have homemade food made with unsaturated fats or oil such as olive oil
  • Take sugar free drinks and food items

How you can be fitted with a controlled blood sugar level during pregnancy

You can prevent diabetes complications by controlling your blood sugar and minimize the risk factors to your baby. Your tight control over blood sugar can reduce the risk of miscarriage and stillbirth. It can also reduce the risk of premature birth and birth defects. It prevents complications, both for mom and baby. Good blood sugar can assure a healthy blood sugar level for your baby and help to prevent after birth complications.

High blood sugar and gestational diabetes cannot be always prevented, but you can minimize the risk factors by controlling your sugar level. You have to be conscious about your health in order to make your baby healthy. Maintaining a balanced life and proper treatment you can ensure your baby’s health and your own health. There is nothing to worry about high blood sugar level or diabetes during pregnancy if you maintain a proper planning, medical care and a good self -care.  Though gestational diabetes goes away after delivery you have to be sure if you still have high blood sugar or diabetes after child birth and test for diabetes at your six week postnatal check.

Are you going to be a mom? Be blessed with a healthy child by taking proper care of yourself. Be patient, try to maintain the health tips and enjoy your motherhood.

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