Before going to lactose intolerance treatment let me tell you briefly what lactose intolerance is and what causes lactose intolerance symptoms.
What is lactose intolerance?
Lactose intolerance means an inability to digest and absorb lactose in milk. It shows gastrointestinal symptoms if anyone eats or drinks milk or milk diets. Actually lactose is sugar found in milk or milk products. Read it detail.
Reasons of lactose intolerance
Lactose is a large sugar molecule consisted of two small sugars- glucose and galactose. Lactase is an enzyme that breaks down and helps to digest. When lactase is less in amount or absent in the human bodies, lactose cannot be digested easily. Therefore, lactase intolerance happens. Lactase deficiency occurs for three reasons such as- congenital, secondary or developmental. Read it detail.
Lactose intolerance treatment
Many people suffer from lactose intolerance. But, you have to consult with your doctor to be sure because the symptoms of lactose intolerance may come from another health problem such as- overuse of laxatives, digestive foods problem, inflammatory bowel disease, irritable bowel syndrome etc. Only your doctor can say you have lactose intolerance.
Your doctor may diagnose lactose intolerance. He may also take other tests such as-blood test, stool test, milk allergy test to be further sure. When your doctor gets sure that you have lactose intolerance, he will give you lactose intolerance treatment guidance. Now, you may feel good you have lactose intolerance treatment. Again you may feel boring and disappointed because you have to live with lactose intolerance forever.
Actually no doctor can give you any exact lactose intolerance treatment. Lactose intolerance treatment differs from person to person. One cure may good hold for you. Again another treatment is good for others.
Controlling milk or milk diets is the best lactose intolerance treatment. We are describing lactose intolerance treatment in the following ways.
Limit milk and milk diets
The best lactose intolerance treatment is to avoid or limit milk or milk products in your daily diets. An adult can take 10 g of lactose a day. This amount lies in a glass of whole, low-fat or fat-free milk. Usually all milk contains the same amount of lactose. If you do not tolerate this amount of lactose, you should take fewer amounts of lactose base milk or milk products than 10 g of lactose. You can eat milk diets that contain less lactose such as- cottage cheese.
Amount of lactose approximately
Milk diets or foods
Daily serving amount
|Cream cheese||30 g||0.9 g||28 mg|
|Milk, fat-free||240 ml||12.5 g||300 g|
|Cottage cheese, 2% milk fat||113 g||3 g||100 g|
|Cheddar cheese||30 g||0.07 g||204|
Eat milk or milk products with other diets
You may eat milk or milk products with other foods because it reduces lactose intolerance. For example- you can eat milk with solid foods like cereal.
Eat tiny amount of milk
You can eat small amount of milk or milk products around the whole day instead of a big amount of milk or milk products. In this way you can treat your lactose intolerance.
Reduced lactose in milk
You can treat your lactose intolerance by eating milk or milk products with reduced lactose. You will get many kinds of milk or milk products with reduced lactose in grocery shops. But, someone may control lactose symptoms by eating lactose reduced milk. Again someone may feel it so sweet or expensive. Lactose reduced milk or foods may increase blood sugar levels higher than normal for diabetes affected people.
Alternatives to milk or milk products
You can eat milk alternatives such as- soy milk and soy cheese. You may also eat nondairy creamers. But you should bear in mind that nondairy creamers do not contain same amount of vitamins and minerals like milk or milk products. Nondairy creamers also contain more fat than milk.
Yogurt with live cultures
The yogurt that has made with live cultures, you can eat it instead of milk. Yogurt with live cultures can break down lactose. To be sure whether the yogurt has made with live cultures or not, you can search for “living yogurt cultures”, “contains active cultures” and “active yogurt cultures” in the label of yogurt.
You can find many kinds of lactase products in the market. But you have to choose which lactase is best for you. Some lactases are pills like LactAid that you can chew before eating milk or milk diets. Some lactases are liquid types that you can mix with your milk or milk foods before eating 24 hours. You may also find some foods with extra lactase. Actually lactase is dietary supplement that helps to digest lactose in milk or milk products.
Lactose intolerance treatment in severe condition
You should avoid lactose intolerance when you have severe symptoms of lactose. You may have some foods and medicines that contain also lactose. These types of foods and medicines are breads, baked goods, breakfast cereals, instant breakfast drinks, instant potatoes, instant soups, pancake, cookie, biscuit mixes, margarine and salad dressings, candies and milk chocolate. You have to sure whether these foods have lactose or not. Some lactose rich foods have also hidden name such as- whey, curds, dry milk solids, milk by-products and nonfat dry milk powder.
Lactose intolerance treatment in women
The women, who have lactose intolerance symptoms, have to sure about taking necessary amount of nutrients found in milk if they avoid milk or milk products directly. Calcium is a good nutrient found in milk. Calcium is very essential for women. Calcium strengthens women’s bone and lessens the risk of osteoporosis. You can get lot of nondairy foods around you rich in calcium. These nondairy and calcium rich foods are:
Broccoli, okra, kale, collards and turnip greens
Canned sardines, tuna and salmon
Calcium fortified juices and cereals
Calcium fortified soya diets like tofu, soya milk and soya beans
Vitamin D is a must
Body needs vitamin D to absorb calcium from various foods. Generally we get vitamin D from the sun. We can take sun every day for a short while. You can get vitamin D also in various foods. These foods are:
Fortified orange juice
Fortified soy milk
Oily fish like as salmon
Your doctor may suggest you to take calcium and vitamin D supplements as pills or tablets.
Lactose intolerance treatment in child
Generally infants are not affected by lactose intolerance. If the newborns or babies are feeding breast milk, they have no lactose intolerance because breast milk has lactase to break down lactose in milk. If the children are formula- feeding, they may have lactose intolerance. In this case you have to go your doctor with your infants. Your doctor may suggest you to switch to formula without lactose. Remember lactose intolerance symptoms are harmful to babies. Such as- diarrhea may bring about dehydration for your infants. So you need your doctor essentially in time.
When you see you are not getting enough nutrients found in milk such as- calcium, vitamin D, magnesium, potassium, protein, and riboflavin, you must go to your doctor. He may suggest you to take nutrients supplements found in milk. You can consult with a professional dietitian. He can give you best lactose intolerance treatment.
Finally keep abreast of your doctor
If you see your symptoms of lactose intolerance are not removing, you should cope with lactose intolerance treatment guidance given by your doctor.